Thursday, May 22, 2014

Who started Facebook?

             Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook with his college roommates and fellow
computer science students Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes while
he was a student at Harvard University.

             The website’s membership was initially limited to Harvard students, but it later
expanded further to include any university student. In late 2005, it was open to high
school students, and finally, in 2006, Facebook became available to anyone aged 13
and over with a valid e-mail address.

                   Facebook was once only available through a computer, however; in 2006
applications became available that make Facebook available through mobile phones,
PDAs, iPods and other mp3 devices. There are more than 65 million active
users currently accessing Facebook through their mobile devices.

Saturday, May 10, 2014

how to clear browser cache

How To Clear Your Browser
Often your computer holds on to information from your browser in its memory cache.
you may using one of the following:
  • safari
  • google chrome
  • firefox

Internet Explorer

all of these browsers work basically the same. however, they store information of where you’ve been in their memory cache. sometimes this can cause a problem. you need to clean house.

In Google Chrome
! select clear browsing data
in safari
! select reset safari but select only “clear history”
! or, reload page
in firefox
! under view: select reload

In Internet Explorer!

! go to: internet options where you can make choices for resetting information. one way that is most valuable when your computer is being stubborn, turn off the machine, go for a walk. come home and turn on again. this usually does the trick.

how to add signature and labels in gmail

Here’s how to set up your email signature, labels to organize your email (similar to folders), and filters to automate what happens to certain types of email.

Create an email signature

1. Open Gmail.

2. In the upper-right corner of the Mail window, click the Gear icon and then click Settings.

3. On the General page, scroll down to the Signature section and enter your signature in the box. 4. If desired, use the options above the box to format your text and add links and images.
5. Click Save Changes at the bottom of the page.

Note: By default, you can set up only one signature. However, if your system administrator allows Gmail Labs, you can enable the External Signature lab to specify a different signature for email addresses outside your domain.

Create and apply email labels

Use labels to categorize your messages. Labels are like folders, but with a twist: You can apply multiple labels to a message, so you can "store" a single copy of a message in multiple labels. You can also:

●             Open a label on the left side of your Mail window to see all messages with that label
●             Search for all messages with a label
●             See labels on messages in your Inbox, to quickly identify different types of messages

Make your labels easy to identify by applying different colors to them. Here’s how labels look in your Inbox:

To create a label

1. Select or open any message to display the Labels icon in the toolbar:

2. Click the Labels icon and then click Manage labels:

3. Under Labels, in the Create a new label field, type the name of your new label, and then click Create

Under Labels, in the Create a new label field, type the name of your new label, and then click Create

Tip: Use the Nest label under option if you want to add a sub-label to an existing label. For example, you might add a sub-label for each day of the week under a parent label called “To Do.”

To change the color of a label

1. In your Labels list on the left, hover over the label and then click the down arrow that appears:

2. Select a color from the palette that appears. The change is instantly applied to all messages with that label:
To apply a label to messages (and keep them in the Inbox)

1. Select the check box next to the messages you want to label, then click the Labels icon:

2. Select the label name from the Labels drop-down menu and click Apply. You can select more than one label:

1. Select (or open) the message or messages you want to move.
 2. Click the Move to icon and select a label.

1. Click and hold near the box to the left of the message...
2. … and then drag the message to a label’s name.

 To move messages out of your Inbox without applying a new label
1. Select one or more messages in your Inbox.
2. Click the Archive icon in the toolbar:

To view a labeled message that you’ve archived, just click the label in the left pane. (If you have a lot of labels, you might need to click More or scroll down to see your label.)

Tip: If you archive unlabeled messages, you can still find them under the system label called All Mail.

Set up email filters

Use filters to manage your incoming messages. With filters, you can automatically label, archive, or delete messages based on keywords and other criteria.
Gmail filters are similar to Email Rules in Microsoft Outlook or Lotus Notes. 
1. In the upper right corner of Gmail, click the Gear icon and then Settings > Filters > Create a new filter. 

2. Enter your filter criteria in the fields. For example, you might filter all messages from your manager with the words “Action Required.”

3. Click Create filter with this search, then select one or more actions to apply to messages that match this filter's criteria. For example:

4. To apply the filter to messages you've already received, click Also apply filter to [x] matching conversations.

5. Click Create Filter.

Thursday, May 8, 2014

how to perform clean install of windows 7

The process detailed in this document is only for those who want to perform a clean install of Windows 7. This means that any previous version of Windows (XP or Vista) and all programs and files will be completely removed from the system. This is OK for a public computer system, but if you're planning on following this process on a staff or circulation computer, you will want to backup any important information first.

This document only deals with specific steps on how to install Windows 7, not how to install programs, device drivers, software, or hardware.

Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor

If you have not yet purchased a Windows 7 upgrade, you should run the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor utility first in order to make sure that your existing hardware will support Windows 7. Click on the link below to download and the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor utility. You can also run this utility from the Windows 7 Upgrade disc.

Hardware and Software Compatibility

It is not up to Microsoft to provide compatibility fixes and software updates to ensure that your software and/or hardware peripherals function properly on Windows 7. Therefore please visit the manufacturer’s website for your software or hardware and make sure that it is compatible. There are cases in which your existing software or hardware may not work with Windows 7 and you may have to either upgrade your software, or purchase new hardware.

Note - All software that is provided on the PRL Support CD is Windows 7 compatible. Common applications such as Microsoft Office 2003 and 2007 are also Windows 7 compatible.

A clean install of Windows 7 requires you to boot the computer from the Windows 7 DVD. This will bypass the normal boot sequence which normally is the hard drive. On most modern computers, there is an F-key (i.e. F12) that you will need to press shortly after the computer is turned on which will present you with a boot menu, similar to the one shown in the picture below.

How to enable macros in Excel

How to enable macros in Excel 2003?

To enable macros in Excel 2003, please follow the steps below:
1. On the Tools menu, point to Macro, and then click Security. 2. On the Security Level tab, select Low.
3. Close & Re-open Nirmal XBRL Generator.xls in MS-Excel.

How to enable macros in Excel 2007 ?

To enable macros in Excel 2007, please follow the steps below:
You can change macro security settings in the Trust Center, unless a system administrator in your organization has changed the default settings to prevent you from changing the settings.
1. On the Developer tab, in the Code group, click Macro Security.
If the Developer tab is not displayed, click the Microsoft Office Button   (2007), click Excel Options, and then in the Popular category, under Top options for working with Excel, click Show Developer tab in the Ribbon.
2. In the Macro Settings category, under Macro Settings, click the option that you want.
NOTE Any changes that you make in the Macro Settings category in Excel apply only to Excel and do not affect any other Microsoft Office program.
TIP You can also access the Trust Center in the Excel Options dialog box. Click the Microsoft
Office Button     , and then click Excel Options. In the Trust Center category, click Trust Center Settings, and then click the Macro Settings category.
3. Close & Re-open Nirmal XBRL Generator.xlsm.
How to enable macros in Excel 2010?

1. Click on the ‘File’ tab and then on ‘Options’ tab.
2. In “Outlook Options” window, select the ‘Trust Center’ tab and then click on the ‘Trust Center Settings’ tab.
3. Now in the “Trust Center Settings” window, click on the ‘Macro Settings’ tab and then under the ‘Macro Settings’ group, select the check box that says “Enable all Macros”.
4. Close & Re-open Nirmal XBRL Generator.xlsm.

How To Change Regional Settings of Date in Windows?

To open the Regional and Language Options tool:
1. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
2. Click Date, Time, Language, and Regional Options, and then click Regional and Language Options.
3. To change one or more of the individual settings, click Customize.
NOTE: The location selection that you make includes default display options for the way dates, times, and numbers are displayed.

To Change the Date Display
1. In the Customize Regional Options dialog box, click the Date tab to specify any changes you want to make to the short date and the long date.